is the ANSI Standard?
On June 1 1999, a new standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel was established. On January 8, 2010 the standard was revised and is currently entitled ANSI/ISEA 107-2010. This important standard is the authoritative and oftentimes required guide for specification, design, performance and use of high visibility garments. Companies should always refer and adhere to the standard when planning and specifying their line of safety apparel including vests, jackets, pants, coveralls and harnesses.
the ANSI standard required?
Some states, DOT's and municipalities may require you to comply
with the ANSI standard. In addition, the Manual of Uniform Control
and Traffic Devices (MUTCD) provides specific language that
do I find more information, such as the MUTCD (Worker Safety
MUTCD 3003 EDITION PART 6 CHAPTER 6D.
does it say?
Worker Safety Apparel - all workers exposed to the risks of
moving roadway traffic or construction equipment should wear
high-visibility safety apparel meeting the requirements of ISEA
"American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety
Apparel" or equivalent revisions, and labeled as ANSI 107-1999
standard performance for Class 1, 2, or 3 risk exposure. A competent
person designated by the employer to be responsible for the
worker safety plan within the activity area of the job site
should make the selection of the appropriate class of garment.
do I find the MUTCD Flagger's Ruling?
MUTCD 3003 EDITION PART 6 CHAPTER 6E.
Section 6E. 02
does it Say?
For daytime and nighttime activity, flaggers shall wear safety
apparel meeting the requirements of ISEA American National Standard
for High-Visibility Apparel and labeled as meeting the ANSI
107-1999 standard performance for Class 2 risk exposure. The
apparel background (outer) material shall be either fluorescent
orange-red or fluorescent yellow-green as defined in the standard.
The retro reflective material color shall be either orange,
yellow, white, silver, yellow-green, or a fluorescent version
of these colors, and shall be visible at a minimum distance
of 300 m (1,000 ft). The retro reflective safety apparel shall
be designed to clearly identify the wearer as a person.
does the MUTCD say about Class 3?
The manual 2003 MUTCD also recommends that flaggers wear Class
3 garments for night-time work, even where the flagger station
should I be concerned with being ANSI compliant?
Since ANSI's inception, it has quickly become widely accepted
as the best way to protect workers against the extreme hazards
of low visibility, and to enhance the visibility of workers
who are exposed to complex backgrounds. From a safety standpoint
not to mention from a legal and liability standpoint, it is
in your best interest to ensure your hi-visibility work wear
is ANSI compliant.
is material or a garment tested to ensure that it is ANSI compliant?
There are three basic testing requirements for ANSI compliance:
Background Material: Material is
put through a battery of tests that include brightness, colorfastness,
and durability. •
Material must be 3rd party tested
for ANSI compliance.
Reflective Material: Also put through
a battery of tests for retro reflectivity at various angles
as well as durability testing. Reflective material must be 3rd
party tested for ANSI compliance.
Design: The completed vest must meet several design elements. 3rd party certification is not required for garment design. The manufacturer can self certify that all criteria has been meet and therefore label the garment as ANSI/ISEA 107-2010 compliant based on the specific class requirements.
are the Performance Classes for garments?
The standard defines several classes of garments
Classes 1, 2 & 3 typically
cover vests, shirts, jackets and coveralls
Class "E" covers pants
The 107-2004 revision includes a new product group called "Headwear"
is Performance Class 1?
This class defines the minimum amount of required materials
to differentiate the user from the work environment. It is intended
for exposure to vehicle and moving equipment speeds not exceeding
Workers directing vehicle operators
to parking/service locations
Workers retrieving shopping carts
from parking areas
Workers exposed to hazards from
warehouse equipment traffic
or sidewalk maintenance workers
Delivery vehicle drivers
is Performance Class 2?
Garments in this class provide superior visibility for wearers
by the additional coverage of the torso, and is more conspicuous
than Class 1. Garments in this class are intended for persons
whose activities require greater visibility and/or during inclement
should Class 2 garments be considered?
When complex backgrounds are present
When employees are performing tasks
which divert attention from approaching vehicle traffic
When vehicles or moving equipment
speeds are greater than 25 MPH
When work activity takes place
in closer proximity to vehicle traffic
Roadway construction workers
Parking and/or toll gate personnel
Airport baggage handlers/ground
Emergency response personnel
Accident site investigators
is Performance Class 3?
This class of garments offers greater visibility to the wearer
in both complex backgrounds and through a full range of body
movements. Visibility is enhanced beyond the performance of
class 2 through the enhancement of background and reflective
materials to the arms and/or legs. Regardless of the area of
materials used, a sleeveless garment or vest alone shall not
be considered performance class 3.
should Class 3 garments be considered?
• When workers are exposed to significantly
higher vehicle speeds and/or reduced sight distance
When work and vehicle operators
have high task loads, clearly placing workers in danger
When the wearer must be conspicuous
through the full range of body motions at a minimum of 1280
feet, and must be identifiable as a person
Roadway construction personnel
Emergency response personnel
To be ANSI/ISEA 107-2010 compliant, there are a lot of considerations. What else should I be aware of?
A Risk Assessment should be made
by a qualified representative prior to exposing workers to dangerous
Fog, rain, low light conditions
all play a part in determining what class a workers falls into
Be diligent in choosing the right
garment for your workers!
the standard only permit the designs that are provided in the
No. The designs provided in the appendix of the standard are
only examples. There may be many innovative designs that ML
Kishigo/Brite Threads can show you that meet the standard and
are different from the limited examples in the appendix.
What's new for the 107-2010 Standard?
Class 3 is no longer available
in a traditional vest
New category includes High-Visibility Headwear
Updated testing procedures for knitted (mostly meshes)
background material and eliminated procedures that added no
User guidance has been expanded
Appendixes now include standard test reports and compliance
do I find more information on the ANSI standard?